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Raspberry Pi vs Arduino: Which One Should You Choose?

Principal image Raspberry Pi vs Arduino Which One Should You Choose
Table of Contents

Introduction

Principal image Raspberry Pi and Arduino are two popular platforms in the maker world Jaycon

Raspberry Pi and Arduino are two popular platforms in the maker world. The differences between the two aren’t always obvious, but they are significant. The raspberry pi vs arduino guide will help you understand these differences and make an informed decision about which one to choose for your next project.

Microcontroller vs Microprocessor

The main difference between a microcontroller (like Arduino) and a microprocessor (like Raspberry Pi) is their intended use. A microcontroller is optimized to control electronic devices and perform a specific task. On the other hand, a microprocessor is the controlling unit of a computer that can handle several functions.

Arduino, being a microcontroller, is used in electronic circuits to conduct simple tasks like controlling a motor or light. It’s perfect for controlling a small circuit with one or two related tasks. However, it won’t run complex applications, so there is no real multitasking with Arduino.

Raspberry Pi, on the other hand, is a microprocessor that has almost the same capability as your computer. It is much more powerful and can do many tasks at the same time. The latest Raspberry Pi, the Raspberry Pi Pico, is a microcontroller too, but all the other models are microprocessors.

Raspberry Pi vs Arduino: Operating Systems

A Raspberry Pi is a tiny computer that can run many operating systems like Raspberry Pi OS, Ubuntu, or even Windows 10. However, an Arduino doesn’t have enough resources (CPU, RAM, and storage) to run an operating system. This is another main difference between these two products.

An Arduino has only a few kilobytes of disk space to host your piece of code in order to program it. There is no way an Arduino can run a greedy application and even less a complete operating system.

Even if a Raspberry Pi is not the most powerful computer, there is no comparison with Arduino. The Raspberry Pi 4, for example, includes a 1.5Ghz CPU, 2 to 8 GB RAM, and an SD card that can be up to 1 TB for the biggest ones. If you are not an IT specialist, just remember that it’s very close to a standard computer.

So, that’s another big difference you should consider before making your choice:

If you need to install an operating system to run a standalone application, Raspberry Pi is the way to go. But if you’re looking to control a simple electronic circuit with one or two tasks, Arduino might be a better option.

Conclusion

Choosing between Raspberry Pi and Arduino depends largely on the requirements of your project. For simple tasks, Arduino’s simplicity and ease of use make it a great choice. For more complex tasks requiring more processing power and the ability to run an operating system, Raspberry Pi is the better option. Ultimately, the choice between Raspberry Pi and Arduino will depend on your specific needs and the nature of your project. If you’re ready to start building your first project, check out “The 15 Most Interesting Ways To Use Raspberry PI”. Happy making!

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